Involuntary human exposure to carbamazepine:
A cross-sectional study of correlates across the lifespan and dietary spectrum Taken from Shapira et al., 2020.
(1) Carbamazepine was detectable in spot urine samples of 66–84% of adults.
(2) Carbamazepine was detectable in spot urine samples of 66% of pregnant women.
(3) Among children, 20% had detectable but not measurable levels of carbamazepine.
(4) Higher carbamazepine levels among adults were associated with vegetarianism.
(5) Involuntary carbamazepine exposure occurs in an area with wide TWW irrigation use.
Xenobiotics originating from reclaimed wastewater
Bioaccumulation of EDCs in dairy cows
Carbamazepine levels in healthy population
Exposure of children to pesticides via food
Exposure of pregnant women to EDCs and effect on fetal development
Pesticide exposure and endocrine health
Environmental risk dynamics of pesticides toxicity in a
Taken from Topaz et al., 2020.
(1) The Alexander micro-estuary suffers from year-round chronic toxicity stress.
(2) Peak acute toxicity exhibited during flood events.
(3) Flood events tail sections pose the highest threat to the micro-estuary ecosystem.
(4) Algae and plants are at the highest risk during both base-flow and flood events. (5) Diuron was the most dominant cause of risk.